By by Susan Smythe Kung.
This dissertation is a finished description of the grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua (HT), that is a member of the Totonacan language family members. HT is spoken by means of fewer than 1500 humans in and round the city of Huehuetla, Hidalgo, within the jap Sierra Madre mountains of the important Gulf Coast area of Mexico. This grammar starts with an creation to the language, its language kinfolk, and its environment, in addition to a short heritage of my touch with the language. The grammar keeps with an outline of the phonology of HT, via morphosyntactic and syntactic description of the entire significant components of speech, together with verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and numbers; the grammar concludes with an outline of the sentence-level syntax. A compilation of interlinearized texts looks within the appendix. HT is a polysynthetic, head-marking language with complicated verbal morphology. Inflectional affixes comprise either prefixes and suffixes for which a templatic development is tough to version. as well as inflectional and derivational morphology, HT verbs also are host to a great number of aspectual derivational morphemes, every one of which alters the that means of the verb in a truly particular means. Plural marking on either nouns and verbs for any 3rd individual argument is not obligatory and decided by way of an animacy hierarchy, that's extensively utilized to figure out verbal argument marking in a variety of morphosyntactic buildings. HT nouns are thoroughly unmarked for case, and likely nouns, together with kinship phrases and components of an entire, are obligatorily possessed. The order of the most important ingredients is pragmatically decided, with an inclination in the direction of VSO order within the absence of pragmatic or contextual clues and SVO order in context-rich textual examples. HT is an under-documented moribund language that's at impending possibility of extinction in the subsequent two-to-three generations. hence, this dissertation is a huge contribution not just to the sphere of linguistics, but in addition to the Tepehua those that may perhaps in the future have an interest within the language in their grandparents. Read more...
Read or Download A descriptive grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua PDF
Best linguistics books
This publication is an account of the writing platforms of the area from earliest occasions to the current. Its objective is to discover the advanced ways that writing platforms relate to the language they depict. Writing, Coulmas contends, isn't just the consultant or garment of spoken language, yet has a deep and lasting impression at the improvement of language itself.
Undesirable English, as George Orwell argued so eloquently over 60 years in the past, is an indication of laziness, sloppy idea or insincerity. but why is it then that such a lot of folks stay in thrall to clichés, stale idioms and empty words in terms of expressing ourselves? Jargon and clichés are certainly eye-catching: they're speedy, effortless and (we wish to imagine) they make us seem like we all know what we're speaking approximately.
This two-volume set, together with LNCS 7181 and LNCS 7182, constitutes the completely refereed court cases of the thirteenth foreign convention on laptop Linguistics and clever Processing, held in New Delhi, India, in March 2012. the complete of ninety two complete papers have been rigorously reviewed and chosen for inclusion within the complaints.
Chinese language modal debris function prominently in chinese language people’s day-by-day use of the language, yet their pragmatic and semantic features are elusive as generally acknowledged via chinese language linguists and academics of chinese language as a overseas language. This publication originates from an in depth and extensive empirical learn of the chinese language modal particle a (), probably the most often used modal debris in Mandarin chinese language.
- Space in Languages: Linguistic Systems and Cognitive Categories
- New Headway Intermediate Workbook (New Edition) with keys
- Micmac teaching grammar
- What Is This Thing Called Philosophy of Language?
- The Semantics of Definite and Indefinite Noun Phrases
Additional info for A descriptive grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua
2 Illustration 4: Angela Patricio Tolentino, Wearing Traditional Tepehua Dress, Huehuetla, Hidalgo, Mexico, May 2005 Farming is the dominant economic activity of the Tepehua people in Huehuetla. They cultivate and sell coffee and corn. They cultivate squash, peppers, palm, and tomatoes for personal use. Unlike the Totonac of Papantla, the Tepehua do not traditionally cultivate vanilla. The Tepehua do not participate in community 2 See also the INEGI Archivo Histórico de Localidades: Huehuetla, Hidalgo.
If this pattern continues, the language likely will be dead in the next two-to-three generations (Krauss 1992). HT is a polysynthetic, head-marking (Nichols 1986) language with complex verbal morphology. Inflectional affixes include both prefixes and suffixes for which a templatic pattern is difficult to model. Third person singular is not marked on the verb, but—for reasons that are enumerated in Chapter 3— cannot be analyzed as a zero marker occupying a given slot in a verbal template. In addition to inflectional and derivational morphology, the HT verbs are also host to a large number of aspectual derivational morphemes, each of which alters the meaning of the verb in a very specific way.
5 OVERVIEW OF THE GRAMMAR Chapter 2: Phonology presents the Huehuetla Tepehua phonemes and their allophones, the practical orthography that I use to represent HT in all subsequent chapters, a phonemic merger that is currently taking place in the language, the syllable structure, rules for primary and secondary stress assignment, general phonological processes that occur in the language, and morphophonemic processes that affect the boundaries of particular morphemes. I have put everything having to do with verbs into Chapter 3: Verbs and Verbal Morphology.
A descriptive grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua by by Susan Smythe Kung.