By Jean-Louis Tassoul
This publication offers a finished evaluate of the historical past of rules in regards to the sunlight and the celebrities, from antiquity to trendy instances. theoretical astrophysicists who've been energetic within the box because the early Sixties inform the tale in fluent prose. approximately half the booklet covers lots of the theoretical learn performed from 1940 to the shut of the 20 th century, a wide physique of labor that has thus far been little explored through historians.
the 1st bankruptcy, which outlines the interval from approximately 3000 B.C. to 1700 A.D., indicates that at each level in historical past humans have had a selected figuring out of the sunlight and stars, and that this has regularly advanced over the centuries. subsequent the authors systematically deal with the great mass of observations astronomy amassed from the early 17th century to the early 20th. the rest 4 chapters learn the heritage of the sector from the physicists standpoint, the emphasis being on theoretical paintings from the mid-1840s to the overdue 1990s--from thermodynamics to quantum mechanics, from nuclear physics and magnetohydrodynamics to the extraordinary advances via to the past due Sixties, and at last, to more moderen theoretical paintings. meant in most cases for college kids and academics of astronomy, this booklet may also be an invaluable reference for practising astronomers and scientifically curious basic readers.
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Extra resources for A Concise History of Solar and Stellar Physics
15 Of particular interest is the work of the Cairo astronomer and optician Ibn al-Haytham, known in the West as Alhazen (965–1038), who pointed out that the stars and planets, unlike the moon, always exhibited the bright shape of a complete circle regardless of their positions with respect to the sun, and regardless of the observer’s location. 16 The Persian physician and philosopher Ibn Sina, known to the Latins as Avicenna (980–1037), did also concede that the moon received its light from the sun and that the stars and planets were self-luminous.
Such an approach, which was also favored by the Sicilian polymath Archimedes, lies at the core of modern science; it is unfortunate that it did not survive the Hellenistic period and had to be rediscovered at the end of the Middle Ages. d. and was one of the last great commentators of Aristotle. His conception of the laws of motion, opposed to that of Aristotle, is particularly interesting. According to the latter, a body can move only if a mover exercises upon it an action at every instant of the motion; if left alone, it will not continue to move.
Although the spectroscope came to be used extensively to study the chemical composition of celestial bodies, it was soon realized that it can also give direct evidence of stellar motion in a direction toward or away from us. 7 The principle was verified experimentally for sound by the 7 From 1835 to 1847, Doppler was a professor at what is now the Czech Technical University in Prague. In 1992, on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of his discovery, that institution published an interesting book entitled The Phenomenon of Doppler, edited by I.
A Concise History of Solar and Stellar Physics by Jean-Louis Tassoul